Equations of hydromechanics and compression shock in two-velocity and two-temperature continuum with phase transformations

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The equations of motion of multiphase mixtures have been considered in [1-10] and several other studies. In [1] it is proposed that the mixture motion be considered as an interpenetrating motion of several continua when velocity, pressure, mean density, concentration, etc., fields for each phase are introduced in the flowfield. The equations of motion are written separately for each phase, and the force effect of the other components is considered by introducing the interaction forces, which for the entire system are internal. The assumption of component barotropy is used to close the system. The energy equations are used in [2, 3] in place of the component barotropy assumption. Moreover, mixtures without phase transformations are considered. In [4] an analysis is made of the equations of turbulent motion with account for viscous forces for a two-velocity, but single-temperature medium in which equilibrium phase transformations are assumed, i. e., a two-phase medium is considered in which the phase temperatures are the same, the composition is equilibrium, but the phase velocities are different. In [5] the equations are written on the interface in a multicomponent medium consisting of barotropic fluids. A discontinuity classification is also presented here. In the aforementioned work [3] the equations on the shock are written for a continuum with particles without the use of the property of barotropy of the carrier fluid. Various different aspects of the motion of multiphase mixtures are considered in [6-11], for example, the effect of particle collisions with one another, the effect of the volume occupied by the particles on the parameters stream, shock waves, etc. In [7] a study is made of the force effect of an agitated medium on a particle on the basis of the Basset-Boussinesq-Oseen equation. In the following we derive the equations of motion of a two-velocity and two-temperature continuum with drops or particles with nonequilibrium phase transformations, i. e., a medium in which the phase velocities and temperatures are different and the composition may be nonequilibrium. In addition, we study the effect of the presence of particles or drops on the gas parameters behind a shock. Further, the equations obtained here are used to study compression waves, and in particular shock waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-28
Number of pages9
JournalFluid Dynamics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1967
Externally publishedYes


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