## Abstract

A system put in contact with a large heat bath normally thermalizes. This means that the state of the system approaches an equilibrium state , the latter depending only on macroscopic characteristics of the bath (e.g. temperature), but not on the initial state of the system. The above statement is the cornerstone of the equilibrium statistical mechanics; its validity and its domain of applicability are central questions in the studies of the foundations of statistical mechanics. In the present contribution we discuss the recently proven general theorems about thermalization and demonstrate how they work in exactly solvable models. In particular, we review a necessary condition for the system initial state independence (ISI) of, which was proven in our previous work, and apply it for two exactly solvable models, the XX spin chain and a central spin model with a special interaction with the environment. In the latter case we are able to prove the absence of the system ISI. Also the Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis is discussed. It is pointed out that although it is supposed to be generically true in essentially not-integrable (chaotic) quantum systems, it is how ever also valid in the integrable XX model.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 713-721 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Optics and Spectroscopy |

Volume | 111 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 2011 |

Externally published | Yes |