Enhanced electrochemical oxidation of NADH at carbon nanotube electrodes using Methylene green: Is polymerization necessary?

J. M. Goran, C. A. Favela, I. M. Rust, K. J. Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been established as an electrocatalytic material for the oxidation of dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Heteroatom doped CNTs, either boron or nitrogen, have been shown to enhance the electrocatalytic oxidation. Methylene green (MG), a well-established redox mediator for NADH oxidation, is shown here to further enhance the electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH at CNTs and nitrogen-doped CNTs (N-CNTs), but the standard technique of electropolymerizing MG on the surface of the electrode attenuates the natural reactivity of the nanotube/MG couple as formed through spontaneous adsorption. Additionally, MG coupled CNT/N-CNTs produces a leveling effect on N-CNTs, eliminating their electrocatalytic enhancement due to nitrogen doping. Nondoped CNTs display a slightly more efficient oxidation of NADH after adsorption ofMG, due to an increased hydrophobic character which causes the adsorbed MG to reside slightly closer to the nanotube surface, and thus, facilitates more facile electron transfer between the nanotube/MG redox couple. Investigation of the influence of potential on MG adsorbed onto CNT/N-CNT electrodes allows the detection of MG polymerization, which is initiated at 0.05 V (vs. Hg/Hg2SO4) as an anodic stripping peak, along with the appearance of a reversible surface wave with E1/2 at -1.0 V (0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer pH 7.0).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H3042-H3048
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced electrochemical oxidation of NADH at carbon nanotube electrodes using Methylene green: Is polymerization necessary?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this