EMD approach to multichannel EEG data the amplitude and phase components clustering analysis

Tomasz M. Rutkowski, Danilo P. Mandic, Andrzej Cichocki, Andrzej W. Przybyszewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Human brains exhibit a possibility to control directly the intelligent computing applications in form of brain computer/machine interfacing (BCI/BMI) technologies. Neurophysiological signals and especially electroencephalogram (EEG) are the forms of brain electrical activity which can be easily captured and utilized for BCI/BMI applications. Those signals are unfortunately usually very highly contaminated by external noise caused by the presence of different devices in the environment creating electromagnetic interference. In this paper, we first decompose each of the recorded channels, in multichannel EEG recording environment, into intrinsic mode functions (IMF) which are a result of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) extended to multichannel analysis. We present novel and interesting results on human mental and cognitive states estimation based on analysis of the above-mentioned stimuli-related IMF components. The IMF components are further clustered for their spectral similarity in order to identify only those carrying responses to present stimuli to the subjects. The resulting targets only reconstruction allows us to identify when and to which stimuli intelligent application user is tuning at a time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Circuits, Systems and Computers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain signal processing
  • Brain synchrony
  • EMD application to EEG


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