TY - JOUR

T1 - Elements of the q-askey scheme in the algebra of symmetric functions

AU - Cuenca, Cesar

AU - Olshanski, Grigori

N1 - Funding Information:
Received October 13, 2019; in revised form January 15, 2020. The first named author was supported in part by NSF Grant DMS-1664619.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Independent University of Moscow.
Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The classical q-hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials are assembled into a hierarchy called the q-Askey scheme. At the top of the hierarchy, there are two closely related families, the Askey–Wilson and q-Racah polynomials. As it is well known, their construction admits a generalization leading to remarkable orthogonal symmetric polynomials in several variables. We construct an analogue of the multivariable q-Racah polynomials in the algebra of symmetric functions. Next, we show that our q-Racah symmetric functions can be degenerated into the big q-Jacobi symmetric functions, introduced in a recent paper by the second author. The latter symmetric functions admit further degenerations leading to new symmetric functions, which are analogues of q-Meixner and Al-Salam– Carlitz polynomials. Each of the four families of symmetric functions (q-Racah, big q-Jacobi, q-Meixner, and Al-Salam–Carlitz) forms an orthogonal system of functions with respect to certain measure living on a space of infinite point configurations. The orthogonality measures of the four families are of independent interest. We show that they are linked by limit transitions which are consistent with the degenerations of the corresponding symmetric functions.

AB - The classical q-hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials are assembled into a hierarchy called the q-Askey scheme. At the top of the hierarchy, there are two closely related families, the Askey–Wilson and q-Racah polynomials. As it is well known, their construction admits a generalization leading to remarkable orthogonal symmetric polynomials in several variables. We construct an analogue of the multivariable q-Racah polynomials in the algebra of symmetric functions. Next, we show that our q-Racah symmetric functions can be degenerated into the big q-Jacobi symmetric functions, introduced in a recent paper by the second author. The latter symmetric functions admit further degenerations leading to new symmetric functions, which are analogues of q-Meixner and Al-Salam– Carlitz polynomials. Each of the four families of symmetric functions (q-Racah, big q-Jacobi, q-Meixner, and Al-Salam–Carlitz) forms an orthogonal system of functions with respect to certain measure living on a space of infinite point configurations. The orthogonality measures of the four families are of independent interest. We show that they are linked by limit transitions which are consistent with the degenerations of the corresponding symmetric functions.

KW - Q-Askey scheme

KW - Q-hyperge-ometric orthogonal polynomials

KW - Symmetric functions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85097831037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17323/1609-4514-2020-20-4-645-694

DO - 10.17323/1609-4514-2020-20-4-645-694

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85097831037

VL - 20

SP - 645

EP - 694

JO - Moscow Mathematical Journal

JF - Moscow Mathematical Journal

SN - 1609-3321

IS - 4

ER -