Efficient Spatial Filters Enhance SSVEP Target Recognition Based on Task-Related Component Analysis

Zhiqiang Wang, Jing Jin, Ren Xu, Chang Liu, Xingyu Wang, Andrzej Cichocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Task-related component analysis (TRCA) has been applied successfully in the recently popular SSVEP target recognition methods. However, a spatial filter is trained for each class in TRCA, and the training of each filter uses only the training data of the corresponding class. Therefore the information between classes is ignored in the training process, which leads to classification inefficiency. Aiming at solving this defect in TRCA, we proposed a twodimensional locality preserving projections (2DLPP) method and a two-dimensional linear discriminant analysis (2DLDA) method based on the 2-Norm form of the Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The 2DLPP and 2DLDA methods can simultaneously use the samples of all categories to train the spatial filters so that these two methods can make use of the information between classes to some extent. We also showed that the 2DLPP method and the 2DLDA method performed significantly better than the multiset canonical correlation analysis (MsetCCA), extended CCA (eCCA) and TRCA methods with two public datasets. Therefore, the proposed methods based on 2DLPP or 2DLDA can make more efficient use of sample information and have a great potential for SSVEP target recognition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Brain-computer interface (BCI)
  • Correlation
  • Correlation coefficient
  • Spatial filters
  • steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)
  • Target recognition
  • Task analysis
  • task-related component analysis (TRCA)
  • Training
  • Training data
  • two-dimensional linear discriminant analysis (2DLDA)
  • two-dimensional locality preserving projections (2DLPP).


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