Effect of SPD processing technique on grain refinement and properties of an austenitic stainless steel

Marina Tikhonova, Iaroslava Shakhova, Rustam Kaibyshev, Andrey Belyakov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The formation of nanocrystalline structures and mechanical properties were studied in a nitrogen-bearing 304-type stainless steel subjected to severe plastic deformation (SPD). The steel samples were processed at ambient temperature using three different methods, i.e., caliber rolling, multidirectional forging and high pressure torsion. All these techniques resulted in pronounced grain refinement. The microstructures consisting of austenite/ferrite crystallites with transverse dimensions of 50 and 30 nm evolved in the rolled and forged samples, respectively. The austenitefractions comprised approximately 0.4. In contrast, the microstructure consisted mainly of austenite with an average grain size of about 25 nm evolved after high pressure torsion. All samples of the stainless steel subjected to severe plastic deformation demonstrated significant strengthening. The ultimate tensile strengths of 2065 MPa and 1950 MPa, were obtained after rolling and high pressure torsion, respectively. The ultimate tensile strength of samples subjected to multidirectional forging was 1540 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTHERMEC 2016
EditorsChristof Sommitsch, Mihail Ionescu, Brajendra Mishra, Brajendra Mishra, Ernst Kozeschnik, T. Chandra
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages1957-1962
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783035711295
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event9th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC 2016 - Graz, Austria
Duration: 29 May 20163 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume879
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC 2016
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityGraz
Period29/05/163/06/16

Keywords

  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nanocrystalline structures
  • Severe plastic deformation

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