Effect of p-NiO and n-ZnSe interlayers on the efficiency of p-GaN/n-ZnO light-emitting diode structures

Vadim P. Sirkeli, Oktay Yilmazoglu, Franko Küppers, Hans L. Hartnagel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


We report on a numerical study of the characteristics of p-GaN/n-ZnO light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with p-NiO and n-ZnSe interlayers, and on LED design optimization which includes bandgap engineering, thickness and doping of constituent layers. The current-voltage dependences of investigated LEDs show a threshold voltage of 3.1 V, 5.4 V and 5.6 V for LED devices without and with the presence of p-NiO and n-ZnSe interlayers, respectively. It is found that p-NiO, n-ZnSe and n-ZnO interlayers act as an electron blocking layer, active media layer, and electron transport layer, respectively. It is established that the insertion of both p-NiO and n-ZnSe interlayers leads to the enhancement of charge carrier-confinement in the active region and to the significant increase of internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of the LED device up to 82%, which is comparable with IQE values in order to obtain better AlGaN- and InGaN-based LEDs. It is found that the efficiency of LED devices at 100 A cm-2 is equal to 0.024, 0.09 and 16.4% of external quantum efficiency (EQE), 1.3 × 10-4, 1.6 × 10-4, and 6.4 lm W-1 of PE, and 1.3 × 10-4, 2.9 × 10-4, and 12 cd A-1 of CE for p-GaN/n-ZnO, p-GaN/p-NiO/n-ZnO, and p-GaN/p-NiO/n-ZnSe/n-ZnO LED devices, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065005
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • gallium nitride
  • internal quantum efficiency
  • light-emitting diode
  • nickel oxide
  • zinc oxide
  • zinc selenide


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