OBJECTIVE: We report a case in which fractionated gamma knife radiosurgery was used to treat a metastatic melanoma lesion. The tumor demonstrated a rapid response to radiosurgery with an observable reduction in tumor volume between the second and third treatments, requiring a favorable modification in the third fractionated treatment. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman presented with a frontal floor metastatic melanoma lesion that was located adjacent to the optic apparatus. INTERVENTION: Gamma knife radiosurgery was administered in three fractionated treatments of 6.5 Gy to the 50% isodose line in each case. Repeat imaging for the purpose of planning demonstrated that tumor volume at the time of the third treatment, 9 days following the first treatment, had decreased by 31%, resulting in a 21% decrease in the dose administered to the optic chiasm. CONCLUSION: A case of metastatic melanoma treated with fractionated GKRS is presented, in which a significant reduction in tumor volume was noted 9 days following the initial treatment. This case provides insight into the rate with which malignant neoplasms may respond to intermediate-dose hypofractionated GKRS, and lends support to the concept of "adaptive radiosurgery" as a means of optimizing radiation to an evolving target while minimizing collateral radiation to surrounding structures.
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2010|
- Adaptive radiotherapy
- Gamma knife
- Metastatic brain disease