Dynamics of quantum vortices in a toroidal trap

Peter Mason, Natalia G. Berloff

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37 Citations (Scopus)


The dynamics of quantum vortices in a two-dimensional annular condensate held under a toroidal trapping potential composed of a harmonic term plus Gaussian term are considered by numerically simulating the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Families of solitary wave sequences are reported, both without and with a persistent flow, for various values of interaction strength. It is shown that in the toroidal geometry the dispersion curve of solutions is much richer than in the cases of a semi-infinite channel or uniform condensate studied previously. In particular, the toroidal condensate is found to have states of single vortices at the same position and circulation that move with different velocities. The stability of the solitary wave sequences for the annular condensate without a persistent flow is also investigated by numerically evolving the solitary wave solutions in time. In addition, the interaction of vortex-vortex pairs and vortex-antivortex pairs is considered and it is demonstrated that the collisions are either elastic or inelastic depending on the magnitude of the angular velocity. The similarities and differences between numerically simulating the Gross-Pitaevskii equation and using a point vortex model for these collisions are elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043620
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


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