Dynamics of many-body delocalization in the time-dependent Hartree–Fock approximation

Paul Pöpperl, Elmer V.H. Doggen, Jonas F. Karcher, Alexander D. Mirlin, Konstantin S. Tikhonov

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We explore dynamics of disordered and quasi-periodic interacting lattice models using a self-consistent time-dependent Hartree–Fock (TDHF) approximation, accessing both large systems (up to L=400 sites) and very long times (up to t=105). We find that, in the t→∞ limit, the many-body localization (MBL) is always destroyed within the TDHF approximation. At the same time, this approximation provides important information on the long-time character of dynamics in the ergodic side of the MBL transition. Specifically, for one-dimensional (1D) disordered chains, we find slow power-law transport up to the longest times, supporting the rare-region (Griffiths) picture. The information on this subdiffusive dynamics is obtained by the analysis of three different observables – temporal decay ∼t−β of real-space and energy-space imbalances as well as domain wall melting – which all yield consistent results. For two-dimensional (2D) systems, the decay is faster than a power law, in consistency with theoretical predictions that β grows as logt for the decay governed by rare regions. At longest times and moderately strong disorder, β approaches the limiting value β=1 corresponding to 2D diffusion. In quasi-periodic (Aubry–André) 1D systems, where rare regions are absent, we find considerably faster decay that reaches the ballistic value β=1, which provides further support to the Griffiths picture of the slow transport in random systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168486
JournalAnnals of Physics
Volume435
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Griffiths effects
  • Hartree–Fock approximation
  • Low-dimensional systems
  • Many-body localization
  • Spinless Fermi–Hubbard model

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