Dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) is a non-perturbative technique for the investigation of correlated electron systems. Its combination with the local density approximation (LDA) has recently led to a material-specific computational scheme for the ab initio investigation of correlated electron materials. The set-up of this approach and its application to materials such as (Sr,Ca)VO3, V2O3, and Cerium is discussed. The calculated spectra are compared with the spectroscopically measured electronic excitation spectra. The surprising similarity between the spectra of the single-impurity Anderson model and of correlated bulk materials is also addressed.
- Ab initio computational approaches
- Dynamical mean-field theory
- Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transition
- Strongly correlated electron systems