Dynamic theta/beta ratio of clinical EEG in Alzheimer's disease

Yao Miao, Peter Jurica, Zbigniew R. Struzik, Takefumi Hitomi, Ayae Kinoshita, Yuji Takahara, Koichi Ogawa, Minoru Hasegawa, Andrzej Cichocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: EEG of a resting state in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and healthy controls (HC) are analyzed to identify the characteristics of EEG in AD. New method: A dynamic box plot approach to the theta/beta ratio with various window durations is proposed to analyze EEG. Results: Spectral results during a resting state in AD patients demonstrate the effect of relatively greater power in the low-frequency bands (i.e. ‘slowing down’ of the EEG). A significant difference is observed in the dynamic distribution of the theta/beta ratio in the AD and HC groups, which is related to the effect of ‘slowing down’. There is a more obvious visual separation between the theta/beta ratio results for the AD and HC groups with increasing window durations. Variability of the theta/beta ratio can be observed with shorter window durations with a dynamic functional box plot. This provides a better classification accuracy by using the dynamic theta/beta ratio as a sensor to discriminate AD EEG from HC EEG by using the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve and the area under curve (AUC) with various window durations. Comparison with existing method(s): EEG spectral analysis and theta/beta ratio used to evaluate EEG typically rely on long time averaging. Conclusions: The dynamic box plot approach to the theta/beta ratio with various window durations provides the possibility of observing features of the EEG. The dynamic theta/beta ratio is a better sensor to discriminate AD EEG from HC EEG. Moreover, the reliability and accuracy of results can be increased by combining spectral analysis and the dynamic box plot approach to theta/beta ratio with various window durations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109219
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume359
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Dynamic box plot
  • Spectral analysis
  • Theta/beta ratio
  • Window durations

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