The concentration of extracellular vesicles (EVs) is an essential attribute of biofluids and EV preparations. EV concentration in body fluids was correlated with health status. The abundance of EV secreted by cultured cells into growth medium is vital in signaling studies, tissue and disease models, and biomanufacturing of acellular therapeutic secretome. A limited number of physical principles sensitive to EV concertation have been discovered so far. Particle-by-particle counting methods enumerate individual particles scattering light, modulating the Coulter current, or appearing in EM images. The available ensemble techniques in current use rely on the concentration-dependent signal intensity, as in the case of ELISA. In this study, we propose for the first-time the ensemble-based characterization of EV concentration by dynamic surface tension (DST) probe and demonstrate its implementation. We show that DST measurements agree with the widely used NTA measurements of EV concertation. The proposed method is low-cost and requires only basic laboratory equipment for implementation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Jun 2022|
- Extracellular vesicles
- Liquid-air interface
- Surface activity
- Surface tension