Donnan equilibrium and osmotic pressure in hollow polyelectrolyte microcapsules

David Haložan, Gleb B. Sukhorukov, Milan Brumen, Edwin Donath, Helmuth Möhwald

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple theoretical model of the Donnan equilibrium is applied to studies of distributions of ions between the external and internal volumes of hollow polyelectrolyte capsules as well as of concomitant osmotic pressure load on a capsule wall resulting from these distributions and the presence of polyanion. The model system consist of dispersed polyelectrolyte capsules in an electrolyte solution whereby two cases are considered with respect to the presence of the polyanion, either in the inner or external solution. It is assumed that the capsule wall is impermeable to polyanion, but water and all ions can freely penetrate. The model predictions are summarized by presenting the difference between the external pH, the pH of the inner solution and the osmotic pressure difference across the capsule wall, both in the dependence of sodium chloride concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-604
Number of pages7
JournalActa Chimica Slovenica
Volume54
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Donnan equilibrium
  • Osmotic pressure
  • Polyelectrolyte hollow capsule

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