Deformation, stratigraphy, structures and shortening of the Zagros fold-thrust belt in Southwest Iran analysis by restoration

Ehsan Barzgar, Iraj Abdollahie Fard, Rasoul Hamidzadeh Moghadam, Emadoddin Abdollahie Khalili, Aboozar Garavand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A structural cross-section constructed across the Zagros Fold-Thrust Belt covering the Abadan Plain, Dezful Embayment, and Izeh Zone applied 2D and 3D seismic data, well data, surface and subsurface geological maps, satellite images and field reconnaissance. Besides validation and modification of the cross-section, restoration allows better understanding of the geology, structural style and stratigraphy of the Zagros basin. In the area of interest, the Hormuz basal decollement and the Gachsaran detachment play the most significant roles in the structural style and deformation of the Zagros belt. More complexity is associated with interval decollements such as Triassic evaporites, Albian shales and Eocene marls. A variety of lithotectonic units and detachment surfaces confound any estimation of shortening, which generally decreases with increasing depth. Deformation completely differs in the Abadan Plain, Dezful Embayment and Izeh Zone because of different sedimentation histories and tectonic evolution; gentle and young structures can be interpreted as pre-collisional structures of the Dezful Embayment before the Late Cretaceous. After the Late Cretaceous, the Mountain Front Fault is the main control of sedimentation and deformation in the Zagros Basin, and this completely characterizes fold style and geometry within the Dezful Embayment and the Izeh Zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-120
Number of pages16
JournalActa Geologica Sinica
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fold and thrust style
  • Iran
  • Restoration
  • Structural geology
  • Tectonics

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