Deciphering repertoire of b16 melanoma reactive tcrs by immunization, in vitro restimulation and sequencing of ifnγ-secreting t cells

Anna V. Izosimova, Diana V. Yuzhakova, Valeria D. Skatova, Lilia N. Volchkova, Elena V. Zagainova, Dmitry M. Chudakov, George V. Sharonov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent advances in cancer immunotherapy have great promise for the treatment of solid tumors. One of the key limiting factors that hamper the decoding of physiological responses to these therapies is the inability to distinguish between specific and nonspecific responses. The identification of tumor-specific lymphocytes is also the most challenging step in cancer cell therapies such as adoptive cell transfer and T cell receptor (TCR) cloning. Here, we have elaborated a protocol for the identification of tumor-specific T lymphocytes and the deciphering of their repertoires. B16 melanoma engraftment following anti-PD1 checkpoint therapy provides better antitumor immunity compared to repetitive immunization with heat-shocked tumor cells. We have also revealed that the most error-prone part of dendritic cell (DC) generation, i.e., their maturation step, can be omitted if DCs are cultured at a sufficiently high density. Using this optimized protocol, we have achieved a robust IFNγ response to B16F0 antigens, but only within CD4+ T helper cells. A comparison of the repertoires of IFNγ-positive and-negative cells shows a prominent enrichment of certain clones with putative tumor specificity among the IFNγ+ fraction. In summary, our optimized protocol and the data provided here will aid in the acquisition of broad statistical data and the creation of a meaningful database of B16-specific TCRs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9859
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antigen-specific T cells
  • B16F0 melanoma
  • Immunotherapy
  • T cell receptor (TCR)
  • Tumor-specific T lymphocytes

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