Cs3LiZn2(WO4)4 and Rb3Li2Ga(MoO4)4: Different filled derivatives of the cation-deficient Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8 structure

Sergey F. Solodovnikov, Zoya A. Solodovnikova, Evgeniya S. Zolotova, Yulia M. Kadyrova, Aleksandra A. Savina, Sergey Yu Stefanovich, Elena G. Khaikina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Two new compounds, namely cubic tricaesium lithium dizinc tetrakis(tetraoxotungstate), Cs3LiZn2(WO4)4, and tetragonal trirubidium dilithium gallium tetrakis(tetraoxomolybdate), Rb3Li2Ga(MoO4)4, belong to the structural family of Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8 (space group I3d, Z = 4), with a partially incomplete (Zn5/61/6) position. In Cs3LiZn2(WO4)4, this position is fully statistically occupied by (Zn2/3Li1/3), and in Rb3Li2Ga(MoO4)4, the 2Li + Ga atoms are completely ordered in two distinct sites of the space group I2d (Z = 4). In the same way, the crystallographically equivalent A+ cations (A = Cs, Rb) in Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8, Cs3LiZn2(WO4)4 and isostructural A3LiZn2(MoO4)4 and Cs3LiCo2(MoO4)4 are divided into two sites in Rb3Li2Ga(MoO4)4, as in other isostructural A3Li2R(MoO4)4 compounds (AR = TlAl, RbAl, CsAl, CsGa, CsFe). In the title structures, the WO4 and (Zn,Li)O4 or LiO4, GaO4 and MoO4 tetrahedra share corners to form open three-dimensional frameworks with the caesium or rubidium ions occupying cuboctahedral cavities. The tetrahedral frameworks are related to that of mayenite 12CaO·7Al2O3 and isotypic compounds. Comparison of isostructural Cs3MZn2(MoO4)4 (M = Li, Na, Ag) and Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8 shows a decrease of the cubic lattice parameter and an increase in thermal stability with the filling of the vacancies by Li+ in the Zn position of the Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8 structure, while filling of the cation vacancies by larger Na+ or Ag+ ions plays a destabilizing role. The series A3Li2R(MoO4)4 shows second harmonic generation effects compatible with that of β′-Gd2(MoO4)3 and may be considered as nonlinear optical materials with a modest nonlinearity.Cs3LiZn2(WO4)4 and Rb3Li2Ga(MoO4)4 represent two distinct series of filled derivatives of the cation-deficient Cs6Zn5(MoO4)8 structure with three-dimensional tetrahedral frameworks related to that of mayenite 12CaO·7Al2O3. The series of tetragonal A3Li2R(MoO4)4 compounds exhibits second harmonic generation effects compatible with that of β′-Gd2(MoO4)3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946-952
Number of pages7
JournalActa Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry
Volume73
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • crystal chemistry
  • crystal structure
  • filling vacancies
  • second harmonic generation
  • structural family
  • tetrahedral framework
  • thermal stability
  • triple molybdate
  • triple tungstate

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