This is a companion paper of [Part II]. We study Coulomb branches of unframed and framed quiver gauge theories of type ADE. In the unframed case they are isomorphic to the moduli space of based rational maps from P1 to the flag variety. In the framed case they are slices in the affine Grassmannian and their generalization. In the appendix, written jointly with Joel Kamnitzer, Ryosuke Kodera, BenWebster, and AlexWeekes, we identify the quantized Coulomb branch with the truncated shifted Yangian.