The electronic structure of the new superconducting material LaNiPO experimentally probed by soft x-ray spectroscopy and theoretically calculated by the combination of local density approximation with dynamical mean-field theory are compared herein. We have measured the Ni L2,3 x-ray emission and absorption spectra which probe the occupied and unoccupied Ni3d states, respectively. In LaNiPO, the Ni3d states are strongly renormalized by dynamical correlations and shifted about 1.5 eV lower in the valence band than the corresponding Fe3d states in LaFeAsO. We further obtain a lower Hubbard band at -eV below the Fermi level in LaNiPO which bears striking resemblance to the lower Hubbard band in the correlated oxide NiO, while no such band is observed in LaFeAsO. These results are also supported by the intensity ratio between the transition metal L2 and L3 bands measured experimentally to be higher in LaNiPO than in LaFeAsO, indicating the presence of the stronger electron correlations in the Ni3d states in LaNiPO in comparison with the Fe3d states in LaFeAsO. These findings are in accordance with resonantly excited transition metal L3 x-ray emission spectra which probe occupied metal 3d states and show the appearance of the lower Hubbard band in LaNiPO and NiO and its absence in LaFeAsO.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jun 2010|