Multilayer films of complexes of polycytidylic acid with dioctadecyldimetylammonium were obtained by the Langmuir-Blodgett method (LB films), and complexes of poly(C) with polycations (poly-L-lysisne, polyethyleneimine, polyallylamine) were obtained by the method of alternate adsorption (polyionic assembly) from solutions of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes on the solid carrier (SA films). It was shown that poly(C) exists in SA films in a single-stranded state irrespective of whether in the starting solution it occurred in the single-stranded nonprotonated or double-stranded protonated conformation. Conversely, in the LB film poly(C) preffered to be in a double protonated conformation. UV-spectra of water-insoluble LB and SA films at different pH values of surrounding water medium were investigated. Proton titration curves of poly(C) immobilized in LB films were obtained. The analysis of the shape of titration curves showed that the molecular-ionic transformation of poly(C) in LB films is accompanied by both the conformational transition of the polynucleotide and the molecular rearrangement in the whole film. PoIy(C) was found to transform from the double-to single-stranded state and vice versa in the «deprotonation-protonation» cycle of LB film due to cooperative release/binding of hydrogen ions by cytosine bases. In contrast, poly(C) «protonation-deprotonation» in SA films occurred without conformational transitions of the polynucleotide. As opposed to poly(C) in solution a rather big hysteresis of forward and back titration curves was found for both types of multilayer films, indicating molecular rearrangements in films. The reason for the structural transformations of poly(C) upon fabrication of LB or SA films and the mechanism of molecular ionic transformations of poly(C) in films are discussed in terms of a simple model of ion exchange. An assumption about the nature of structural transformations of LB and SA films during their protonation-deprotonation is put forward.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Molecular ionic transformations
- Multilayer films
- Polycylidilic acid
- Spectrophotometric titration