Composition-dependent charge transfer and phase separation in the V1-:XRexO2 solid solution

D. Mikhailova, N. N. Kuratieva, Y. Utsumi, A. A. Tsirlin, A. M. Abakumov, M. Schmidt, S. Oswald, H. Fuess, H. Ehrenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The substitution of vanadium in vanadium dioxide VO2 influences the critical temperatures of structural and metal-to-insulator transitions in different ways depending on the valence of the dopant. Rhenium adopts valence states between +4 and +7 in an octahedral oxygen surrounding and is particularly interesting in this context. Structural investigation of V1-xRexO2 solid solutions (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.30) between 80 and 1200 K using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction revealed only two polymorphs that resemble VO2: the low-temperature monoclinic MoO2-type form (space group P21/c), and the tetragonal rutile-like form (space group P42/mnm). However, for compositions with 0.03 < x ≤ 0.15 a phase separation in the solid solution was observed below 1000 K upon cooling down from 1200 K, giving rise to two isostructural phases with slightly different lattice parameters. This is reflected in the appearance of two metal-to-insulator transition temperatures detected by magnetization and specific heat measurements. Comprehensive X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies showed that an increased amount of Re leads to a change in the Re valence state from solely Re6+ at a low doping level (≤3 at% Re) via mixed-valence states Re4+/Re6+ for at least 0.03 < x ≤ 0.10, up to nearly pure Re4+ in V0.70Re0.30O2. Thus, compositions V1-xRexO2 with only one valence state of Re in the material (Re6+ or Re4+) can be obtained as a single phase, while intermediate compositions are subjected to a phase separation, presumably due to different valence states of Re.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1606-1617
Number of pages12
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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