Comparison of dimensionality reduction methods in mass spectra of astrocytoma and glioblastoma tissues

Evgeny Zhvansky, Anatoly Sorokin, Vsevolod Shurkhay, Denis Zavorotnyuk, Denis Bormotov, Stanislav Pekov, Alexander Potapov, Evgeny Nikolaev, Igor Popov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently developed methods of ambient ionization allow the collection of mass spectrometric datasets for biological and medical applications at an unprecedented pace. One of the areas that could employ such analysis is neurosurgery. The fast in situ identification of dissected tissues could assist the neurosurgery procedure. In this paper tumor tissues of astrocytoma and glioblastoma are compared. The vast majority of the data representation methods are hard to use, as the number of features is high and the amount of samples is limited. Furthermore, the ratio of features and samples number restricts the use of many machine learning methods. The number of features could be reduced through feature selection algorithms or dimensionality reduction methods. Different algorithms of dimensionality reduction are considered along with the traditional noise thresholding for the mass spectra. From our analysis, the Isomap algorithm ap-pears to be the most effective dimensionality reduction algorithm for negative mode, whereas the positive mode could be processed with a simple noise reduction by a threshold. Also, negative and positive mode correspond to different sample properties: negative mode is responsible for the inner variability and the details of the sample, whereas positive mode describes measurement in general.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA0094
JournalMass Spectrometry
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Astrocytoma
  • Brain tumors
  • Dimensionality reduction
  • Feature selection
  • Glioblastoma
  • Mass spectra

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