Cardiac performance enhancement and hypervolemic therapy.

M. L. Levy, J. D. Day, V. Zelman, S. L. Giannotta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This article discusses guidelines the authors have established in managing patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms and associated vasospasm. These guidelines represent methods of improving cardiac output or the ideal cardiac indices, to improve or maximize cerebral blood flow and potentially improve outcome. The guidelines for hypervolemic therapy for the volume and timing of intravenous fluid administration and the target cardiac performance parameters also are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-739
Number of pages15
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes


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