Capturing spike train temporal pattern with wavelet average coefficient for brain machine interface

Shixian Wen, Allen Yin, Po He Tseng, Laurent Itti, Mikhail A. Lebedev, Miguel Nicolelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Motor brain machine interfaces (BMIs) directly link the brain to artificial actuators and have the potential to mitigate severe body paralysis caused by neurological injury or disease. Most BMI systems involve a decoder that analyzes neural spike counts to infer movement intent. However, many classical BMI decoders (1) fail to take advantage of temporal patterns of spike trains, possibly over long time horizons; (2) are insufficient to achieve good BMI performance at high temporal resolution, as the underlying Gaussian assumption of decoders based on spike counts is violated. Here, we propose a new statistical feature that represents temporal patterns or temporal codes of spike events with richer description—wavelet average coefficients (WAC)—to be used as decoder input instead of spike counts. We constructed a wavelet decoder framework by using WAC features with a sliding-window approach, and compared the resulting decoder against classical decoders (Wiener and Kalman family) and new deep learning based decoders (Long Short-Term Memory) using spike count features. We found that the sliding-window approach boosts decoding temporal resolution, and using WAC features significantly improves decoding performance over using spike count features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19020
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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