Blood-brain barrier and cerebral blood flow: Age differences in hemorrhagic stroke

Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, Olga Sindeeva, Arkady Abdurashitov, Sergey Sindeev, Ekaterina Zinchenko, Artem Gekaluk, Maria Ulanova, Kassim Mohanad, Ludmila Yankovskaya, Valery Tuchin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neonatal stroke is similar to the stroke that occurs in adults and produces a significant morbidity and long-term neurologic and cognitive deficits. There are important differences in the factors, clinical events and outcomes associated with the stroke in infants and adults. However, mechanisms underlying age differences in the stroke development remain largely unknown. Therefore, treatment guidelines for neonatal stroke must extrapolate from the adult data that is often not suitable for children. The new information about differences between neonatal and adult stroke is essential for identification of significant areas for future treatment and effective prevention of neonatal stroke. Here, we studied the development of stress-induced hemorrhagic stroke and possible mechanisms underlying these processes in newborn and adult rats. Using histological methods and magnetic resonance imaging, we found age differences in the type of intracranial hemorrhages. Newborn rats demonstrated small superficial bleedings in the cortex while adult rats had more severe deep bleedings in the cerebellum. Using Doppler optical coherent tomography, we found higher stress-reactivity of the sagittal sinus to deleterious effects of stress in newborn vs. adult rats suggesting that the cerebral veins are more vulnerable to negative stress factors in neonatal vs. adult brain in rats. However, adult but not newborn rats demonstrated the stroke-induced breakdown of blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability. The one of possible mechanisms underlying the higher resistance to stress-related stroke injures of cerebral vessels in newborn rats compared with adult animals is the greater expression of two main tight junction proteins of BBB (occludin and claudin-5) in neonatal vs. mature brain in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1550045
JournalJournal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • age differences
  • brain blood barrier
  • cerebral blood flow
  • Stroke

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