Bilayer graphene can become a fractional metal

A. O. Sboychakov, A. L. Rakhmanov, A. V. Rozhkov, Franco Nori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In a metal, electron interactions can cause a perfect spin polarization of the Fermi surface. For such a phase, only half of the noninteracting Fermi surface is available, and thus this state is commonly referred to as a "half metal."Here we argue that in multiband electronic systems with nesting, further "fractionalization"of the Fermi surface is possible. Taking the AA bilayer graphene as a convenient test case, we demonstrate that under suitable conditions imposed on the electron interactions, doped AA bilayer graphene can host a "quarter-metal"phase. Its Fermi surface (Fermi contour) is simultaneously polarized relative to spin-related and valley-related operators. The resultant state is nematic and possesses peculiar transport properties: the electric current carries both valley-related and spin-related quanta. In addition, since the two polarizations can be controlled independently of each other, the quarter metal is a promising candidate for spintronics and valleytronics applications. Other types of Fermi-surface fractionalization are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL081106
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


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