Average zonal transmission losses

Janusz W. Bialek, Murray Hartley, Stephen Topping

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In April 2004, average zonal transmission losses (AZTL) charging is due to be introduced in England and Wales. In April 2005, the British electricity trading and transmission arrangements (BETTA) are due to give go-live throughout Great Britain without AZTL. An overview is given of the arguments surrounding the introduction of locational loss charging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-37
Number of pages4
JournalIEE Power Engineer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


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