Two new austalide meroterpenoids, named austalides V and W (1 and 2), were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus ustus VKM F-4692. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with related known compounds. The main structural feature of both compounds is a tetrahydrofuranyl ring (G), a structural fragment, first found in austalides. Austalides V (1) and W (2) were able to inhibit the propagation of prostate and bladder cancer cells; this biologic activity is possibly related to the inhibition of a number of key pathways regulating cell growth and migration.
- AKT-mTORC1 signaling pathway
- Aspergillus ustus
- Prostate and bladder cancer cells