Augmentation of Brain Functions by Nanotechnology

Ioan Opris, Nicholas Preza, Mikhail A. Lebedev, Brian R. Noga, Stephano J. Chang, Manuel F. Casanova, Mircea Lupusoru, Victor M. Pulgar, Sakhrat Khizroev, Jorge Bohorquez, Aurel I. Popescu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a novel tool for handling of matter at the microscopic level, within the atomic, molecular, and supramolecular domains. While neuroscience and neuroengineering operate at the cellular level, their association with the nanotechnology is bringing synergic unexpected strides. In the last decade, an unprecedented increase in the successful application of nanotechnology methods to basic neuroscience and to clinical practice occurred. Novel nanotechnologies are expected to bring important insights into brain mechanisms and medical care to patients. The chapter details attempt from different disciplines to improve brain performance in both healthy people and patients who suffer from neurological disabilities. Applications of nanotechnology (with the advent of nanoparticles, nanowires, carbon nanotubes, devices, sensors, interfaces) are employed to augment, invasive/noninvasive record, stimulate, repair, cure, or regenerate the brain functions (sensory, motor/locomotor, cognitive/memory/learning, reward/emotion) and brain circuitry (in cortex, subcortex/basal ganglia/thalamus, brainstem, spinal cord).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContemporary Clinical Neuroscience
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages233-259
Number of pages27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameContemporary Clinical Neuroscience
ISSN (Print)2627-535X
ISSN (Electronic)2627-5341

Keywords

  • Biosensors
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Brain-machine interfaces
  • Magnetic tunneling junctions
  • Memristor
  • Multielectrode arrays
  • Nanoelectric
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotechnology
  • Neuroengineering

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