Augmentation-Based Methodology for Enhancement of Trees Map Detalization on a Large Scale

Svetlana Illarionova, Dmitrii Shadrin, Vladimir Ignatiev, Sergey Shayakhmetov, Alexey Trekin, Ivan Oseledets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Remote sensing tasks play a very important role in the domain of sensing and measuring, and can be very specific. Advances in computer vision techniques allow for the extraction of various information from remote sensing satellite imagery. This information is crucial in making quantitative and qualitative assessments for monitoring of forest clearing in protected areas for power lines, as well as for environmental analysis, in particular for making assessments of carbon footprint, which is a highly relevant task. Solving these problems requires precise segmentation of the forest mask. Although forest mask extraction from satellite data has been considered previously, no open-access applications are able to provide the high-detailed forest mask. Detailed forest masks are usually obtained using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) that set particular limitations such as cost and inapplicability for vast territories. In this study, we propose a novel neural network-based approach for high-detailed forest mask creation. We implement an object-based augmentation technique for a minimum amount of labeled high-detailed data. Using this augmented data we fine-tune the models, which are trained on a large forest dataset with less precise labeled masks. The provided algorithm is tested for multiple territories in Russia. The F1-score, for small details (such as individual trees) was improved to 0.929 compared to the baseline score of 0.856. The developed model is available in an SAAS platform. The developed model allows a detailed and precise forest mask to be easily created, which then be used for solving various applied problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2281
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • computer vision
  • forest mask
  • image augmentation
  • remote sensing
  • semantic segmentation

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