Asymmetric depth-filtration: A versatile and scalable method for high-yield isolation of extracellular vesicles with low contamination

Vasiliy S. Chernyshev, Roman N. Chuprov-Netochin, Ekaterina Tsydenzhapova, Elena V. Svirshchevskaya, Rimma A. Poltavtseva, Anastasiia Merdalimova, Alexey Yashchenok, Amiran Keshelava, Konstantin Sorokin, Varlam Keshelava, Gennadiy T. Sukhikh, Dmitry Gorin, Sergey Leonov, Mikhail Skliar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a novel asymmetric depth filtration (DF) approach to isolate extracellular vesicles (EVs) from biological fluids that outperforms ultracentrifugation and size-exclusion chromatography in purity and yield of isolated EVs. By these metrics, a single-step DF matches or exceeds the performance of multistep protocols with dedicated purification procedures in the isolation of plasma EVs. We demonstrate the selective transit and capture of biological nanoparticles in asymmetric pores by size and elasticity, low surface binding to the filtration medium, and the ability to cleanse EVs held by the filter before their recovery with the reversed flow all contribute to the achieved purity and yield of preparations. We further demonstrate the method's versatility by applying it to isolate EVs from different biofluids (plasma, urine, and cell culture growth medium). The DF workflow is simple, fast, and inexpensive. Only standard laboratory equipment is required for its implementation, making DF suitable for low-resource and point-of-use locations. The method may be used for EV isolation from small biological samples in diagnostic and treatment guidance applications. It can also be scaled up to harvest therapeutic EVs from large volumes of cell culture medium.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12256
JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • asymmetric pores
  • depth filtration
  • extracellular vesicles
  • isolation

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