Environment pollutants, especially those from total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), have a highly complex chemical, biological and physical impact on soils. Here we study this influence via modelling the TPH acute phytotoxicity effects on eleven samples of soils from Sakhalin island in greenhouse conditions. The soils were contaminated with crude oil in different doses ranging from the 3.0–100.0 g kg−1. Measuring the Hordeum vulgare root elongation, the crucial ecotoxicity parameter, we have estimated. We have also investigated the contrast effect in different soils. To predict TPH phytotoxicity different machine learning models were used, namely artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM). The models under discussion were proved to be valid using the mean absolute error method (MAE), the root mean square error method (RMSE), and the coefficient of determination (R2). We have shown that ANN and SVR can successfully predict barley response based on soil chemical properties (pH, LOI, N, P, K, clay, TPH). The best achieved accuracy was as following: MAE – 8.44, RMSE –11.05, and R2 –0.80.
- Machine learning
- Toxicity prediction