Anomalous High-Temperature Superconductivity in YH6

Ivan A. Troyan, Dmitrii V. Semenok, Alexander G. Kvashnin, Andrey V. Sadakov, Oleg A. Sobolevskiy, Vladimir M. Pudalov, Anna G. Ivanova, Vitali B. Prakapenka, Eran Greenberg, Alexander G. Gavriliuk, Igor S. Lyubutin, Viktor V. Struzhkin, Aitor Bergara, Ion Errea, Raffaello Bianco, Matteo Calandra, Francesco Mauri, Lorenzo Monacelli, Ryosuke Akashi, Artem R. Oganov

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85 Citations (Scopus)


Pressure-stabilized hydrides are a new rapidly growing class of high-temperature superconductors, which is believed to be described within the conventional phonon-mediated mechanism of coupling. Here, the synthesis of one of the best-known high-TC superconductors—yttrium hexahydride (Formula presented.) -YH6 is reported, which displays a superconducting transition at ≈224 K at 166 GPa. The extrapolated upper critical magnetic field Bc2(0) of YH6 is surprisingly high: 116–158 T, which is 2–2.5 times larger than the calculated value. A pronounced shift of TC in yttrium deuteride YD6 with the isotope coefficient 0.4 supports the phonon-assisted superconductivity. Current–voltage measurements show that the critical current IC and its density JC may exceed 1.75 A and 3500 A mm−2 at 4 K, respectively, which is higher than that of the commercial superconductors, such as NbTi and YBCO. The results of superconducting density functional theory (SCDFT) and anharmonic calculations, together with anomalously high critical magnetic field, suggest notable departures of the superconducting properties from the conventional Migdal–Eliashberg and Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theories, and presence of an additional mechanism of superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2006832
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2021


  • Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory
  • Migdal–Eliashberg theory
  • pressure-stabilized hydrides
  • superconductivity
  • yttrium hexahydride
  • yttrium hydrides


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