Analysis of increasing torque with recurrent slip in interference-fits

M. D. McMillan, J. D. Booker, D. J. Smith, C. Fedorciuc Onisa, A. M. Korsunsky, X. Song, N. Baimpas, A. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research associated with interference-fitted assemblies has shown that as recurring slip occurs (i.e. load to total slip, unloading and reload to total slip) there is an observed increase in the holding torque after each loading cycle. The aim of this work was to identify the reasons for this 'torque strengthening' phenomenon. The work also has industrial relevance in the optimum design of interference-fitted rolls used for the hot rolling of steel sections. Previous work has shown that the major contributors to the overall holding torque were the interface pressure, material properties and the coefficient of friction between component materials. In this work, neutron diffraction tests and crack compliance tests showed no correlation between the interface pressure and increased holding torque. Meanwhile, experimental holding torque tests on sample interference-fits showed that for each recurring holding torque failure (slip) in a test cycle, the holding torque increased. Subsequent wear investigations showed that the wear of the surfaces increased throughout the testing and once a specific type of wear had occurred through a 'ploughing' mechanism, significant damage could be done to the more expensive shaft component. These observations suggest that an effective increase in the coefficient of friction between shaft and hub is responsible for the increase in holding torque, while the same level of interface pressure is maintained throughout slipping. The research provides a basis for the optimisation of interference-fit design in order that the working lives of expensive shafts, which are prone to damage through ploughing, and brittle hubs, which are prone to sudden fracture, are maximised when experiencing recurrent slipping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-74
Number of pages17
JournalEngineering Failure Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Coefficient of friction
  • Experimental testing
  • Interface pressure
  • Interference-fit
  • Neutron diffraction


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