An engineering analysis of transient laminar flows in long microchannels

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Abstract

An engineering model of a transient laminar flow from a pressurised vessel through a long microchannel under a condition of a rapid valve opening at a channel outlet is developed. A valve at the channel outlet, which is opening with a given speed, is modelled as a time-dependent boundary condition. Transient flows are investigated numerically by the method of characteristics. The calculations show that variations of pressure and velocity distributions along the channel over time, caused by a transient flow regime, decrease with a decrease in the channel diameter and the channel length, an increase in the time of valve opening and an increase in the fluid viscosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-531
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fluid mechanics
  • Mathematical modelling
  • Modelling
  • Modelling and simulation studies
  • Simulation
  • Transport processes

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