An electrochemical cell with sapphire windows for operando synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and spectroscopy studies of high-power and high-voltage electrodes for metal-ion batteries

Oleg A. Drozhzhin, Ivan V. Tereshchenko, Hermann Emerich, Evgeny V. Antipov, Artem M. Abakumov, Dmitry Chernyshov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new multi-purpose operando electrochemical cell was designed, constructed and tested on the Swiss-Norwegian Beamlines BM01 and BM31 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Single-crystal sapphire X-ray windows provide a good signal-to-noise ratio, excellent electrochemical contact because of the constant pressure between the electrodes, and perfect electrochemical stability at high potentials due to the inert and non-conductive nature of sapphire. Examination of the phase transformations in the Li1-xFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 positive electrode (cathode) material at C/2 and 10C charge and discharge rates, and a study of the valence state of the Ni cations in the Li1-xNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material for Li-ion batteries, revealed the applicability of this novel cell design to diffraction and spectroscopic investigations of high-power/high-voltage electrodes for metal-ion batteries.A novel operando electrochemical cell with single-crystal sapphire X-ray windows has been designed for and successfully applied to the investigation of phase transformations and the valence states of the cations in high-power and high-voltage cathode materials for Li-ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • metal-ion batteries
  • operando electrochemical cells
  • X-ray absorption
  • X-ray diffraction

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