AI-Based Well Ranking System for Hydraulic Fracturing Events

Andrei Erofeev, Denis Orlov, Dmitry Perets, Dmitry Koroteev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We are presenting a new, highly intelligent AI-based ranking system for selecting the most appropriate candidates for well treatment. The system is trained to predict flow rates after hydraulic fracturing (HF) and rank wells by the expected effect of the event with machine learning techniques. We demonstrate a significant effort for preprocessing the available field data to create a dataset for training machine learning (ML) models. The dataset included information about geology, transport and storage properties, depths, oil/liquid rates before fracturing for target and neighboring wells. Each ML model has been trained to predict monthly production of oil and liquid right after fracturing and after flow stabilization. Also, confidence intervals of the prediction have been provided. To study the dynamics of future oil rate decline after HF on a stable regime, we have trained several regression models to make predictions at each future point (6 next months after fracturing). To estimate the effect due to HF, we defined expected production "without fracturing." Typically, wells behave with a stable decline trend of production that is approximated by Arps function. The function is defined before HF, then extrapolated to the period after the event where it shows expected production without fracturing. One may conclude about the effectiveness of HF by calculating areas difference under the extrapolated curve (cumulative production without HF), and ML predicted cumulative production for future six months. Reservoir engineers could calculate these differences for each well and create a ranking list from the highest effect to the lowest. The developed system does this automatically for the required oilfield or its part. Therefore, one may easily define the list of best candidates for HF. Gradient Boosting algorithm has been applied to obtain results. Feature selection and tuning of hyperparameters have been provided with the application of cross-validation technique. To test the developed approach, we have divided the dataset from 8 conventional oil fields at a ratio of four to one. The total dataset included 700+ well interventions. Then we have trained and validated models for flow rate prediction on the major part and tested on the holdout part. For different oil field determination coefficients (R2) and normalized root mean square errors (n-RMSE) for oil rate predictions were around R2=0.8 and n-RMSE=0.35 correspondently. The proposed technique is a new approach for fast, accurate, and objective selection of the candidates for hydraulic fracturing based on real-time state of a field. Such AI-based system could become very handy assistant for reservoir engineer in addition to hydraulic fracturing and hydrodynamic simulators. The presented solution computationally efficient and does not require detailed information about HF design.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, MEOS 2021
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
ISBN (Electronic)9781613997727
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event2021 SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, MEOS 2021 - Manama, Bahrain
Duration: 28 Nov 20211 Dec 2021

Publication series

NameSPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, MEOS, Proceedings
Volume2021-November

Conference

Conference2021 SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, MEOS 2021
Country/TerritoryBahrain
CityManama
Period28/11/211/12/21

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