Adaptive evolution at mRNA editing sites in soft-bodied cephalopods

Mikhail Moldovan, Zoe Chervontseva, Georgii Bazykin, Mikhail S. Gelfand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The bulk of variability in mRNA sequence arises due to mutation- change in DNA sequence which is heritable if it occurs in the germline. However, variation in mRNA can also be achieved by post-transcriptional modification including mRNA editing, changes in mRNA nucleotide sequence that mimic the effect of mutations. Such modifications are not inherited directly; however, as the processes affecting them are encoded in the genome, they have a heritable component, and therefore can be shaped by selection. In soft-bodied cephalopods, adenine-to-inosine RNA editing is very frequent, and much of it occurs at nonsynonymous sites, affecting the sequence of the encoded protein. Methods: We study selection regimes at coleoid A-to-I editing sites, estimate the prevalence of positive selection, and analyze interdependencies between the editing level and contextual characteristics of editing site. Results: Here, we show that mRNA editing of individual nonsynonymous sites in cephalopods originates in evolution through substitutions at regions adjacent to these sites. As such substitutions mimic the effect of the substitution at the edited site itself, we hypothesize that they are favored by selection if the inosine is selectively advantageous to adenine at the edited position. Consistent with this hypothesis, we show that edited adenines are more frequently substituted with guanine, an informational analog of inosine, in the course of evolution than their unedited counterparts, and for heavily edited adenines, these transitions are favored by positive selection. Our study shows that coleoid editing sites may enhance adaptation, which, together with recent observations on Drosophila and human editing sites, points at a general role of RNA editing in the molecular evolution of metazoans.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10456
JournalPeerJ
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Cephalopods
  • Coleoids
  • Evolvability
  • Genome evolution
  • Polymorphism
  • Positive selection
  • RNA editing
  • Selection

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