Adaptive Denoising and Alignment Agents for Infrared Imaging

Vito M. Leli, Viktor Shipitsin, Oleg Y. Rogov, Aleksandr Sarachakov, Dmitry V. Dylov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Clinical infrared imagers, such as those used to visualize subcutaneous vasculature, rely on the image-projection feedback loops. Specifically, these instruments embed model-based feedback algorithms to process the acquired 'invisible' infrared data streams and then to project a visible copy of them back to the imaged region (e.g., the skin of the patient's forearm). Being inherently noisy, the infrared frames and their projections are prone to misalignment, demanding frequent instrument tuning and recalibration. To address this challenge, we propose to reconsider the feedback loop entailed in such imagers from the standpoint of multi-agent deep learning. Both proposed agents - Denoiser and Aligner - are adaptive in that they continuously optimize the corresponding target value functions. Namely, the Denoiser learns the proper frequency decomposition of the acquired infrared data until the target segmentation metric is maximized; whereas, the Aligner learns the intensity fluctuations within the segmentation mask tuned by the Denoiser until its maximal overlap with the source infrared image. The idea is validated synthetically on a benchmark dataset and experimentally on a bench-top vein scanner in the lab, with the duet of agents proving efficient in handling the distortions and the misalignment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1586-1591
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Control Systems Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • adaptive agents
  • image denoising
  • image registration
  • Infrared imaging
  • multiple agents
  • reinforcement learning


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