Adaptation to CT Reconstruction Kernels by Enforcing Cross-Domain Feature Maps Consistency

Stanislav Shimovolos, Andrey Shushko, Mikhail Belyaev, Boris Shirokikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep learning methods provide significant assistance in analyzing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in chest computed tomography (CT) images, including identification, severity assessment, and segmentation. Although the earlier developed methods address the lack of data and specific annotations, the current goal is to build a robust algorithm for clinical use, having a larger pool of available data. With the larger datasets, the domain shift problem arises, affecting the performance of methods on the unseen data. One of the critical sources of domain shift in CT images is the difference in reconstruction kernels used to generate images from the raw data (sinograms). In this paper, we show a decrease in the COVID-19 segmentation quality of the model trained on the smooth and tested on the sharp reconstruction kernels. Furthermore, we compare several domain adaptation approaches to tackle the problem, such as task-specific augmentation and unsupervised adversarial learning. Finally, we propose the unsupervised adaptation method, called F-Consistency, that outperforms the previous approaches. Our method exploits a set of unlabeled CT image pairs which differ only in reconstruction kernels within every pair. It enforces the similarity of the network’s hidden representations (feature maps) by minimizing the mean squared error (MSE) between paired feature maps. We show our method achieving a 0.64 Dice Score on the test dataset with unseen sharp kernels, compared to the 0.56 Dice Score of the baseline model. Moreover, F-Consistency scores 0.80 Dice Score between predictions on the paired images, which almost doubles the baseline score of 0.46 and surpasses the other methods. We also show F-Consistency to better generalize on the unseen kernels and without the presence of the COVID-19 lesions than the other methods trained on unlabeled data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234
JournalJournal of Imaging
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • chest computed tomography
  • convolutional neural network
  • COVID-19 segmentation
  • domain adaptation

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