A Regional Smoothing Block Sparse Bayesian Learning Method With Temporal Correlation for Channel Selection in P300 Speller

Xueqing Zhao, Jing Jin, Ren Xu, Shurui Li, Hao Sun, Xingyu Wang, Andrzej Cichocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The P300-based brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) enable participants to communicate by decoding the electroencephalography (EEG) signal. Different regions of the brain correspond to various mental activities. Therefore, removing weak task-relevant and noisy channels through channel selection is necessary when decoding a specific type of activity from EEG. It can improve the recognition accuracy and reduce the training time of the subsequent models. This study proposes a novel block sparse Bayesian-based channel selection method for the P300 speller. In this method, we introduce block sparse Bayesian learning (BSBL) into the channel selection of P300 BCI for the first time and propose a regional smoothing BSBL (RSBSBL) by combining the spatial distribution properties of EEG. The RSBSBL can determine the number of channels adaptively. To ensure practicality, we design an automatic selection iteration strategy model to reduce the time cost caused by the inverse operation of the large-size matrix. We verified the proposed method on two public P300 datasets and on our collected datasets. The experimental results show that the proposed method can remove the inferior channels and work with the classifier to obtain high-classification accuracy. Hence, RSBSBL has tremendous potential for channel selection in P300 tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number875851
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • brain-computer interface
  • channel selection
  • EEG
  • P300
  • sparse bayesian learning
  • temporal correlation

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