In order to calculate fault currents in distribution systems accurately, the fault model must also include the electrical arc existing at the fault point and playing an important role in the fault currents calculation. In the existing approaches the value of the arc resistance at the fault location must be known in advance. Since fault current depends on the arc resistance, which is itself a non-linear function of the fault current, the fundamental question here is how to calculate the arc resistance and the fault current at the fault location simultaneously and accurately. In this paper, a new solution for the above-defined problem by using an iterative procedure is given and thoroughly tested. A new method for calculating short circuit currents in medium voltage distribution networks based on the iterative hybrid compensation short circuit method and a new formula for arc resistance are presented. The new method calculates short circuit currents and arc resistance simultaneously. Results of fault analysis and arc resistance calculation in the IEEE-34 distribution network with/without distributed generator are presented and discussed.
- Arc resistance formula
- Dispersed generators
- Fault currents calculation
- Medium voltage distribution networks