A new approach to clastic rocks pore-scale topology reconstruction based on automatic thin-section images and CT scans analysis

Vladislav Krutko, Boris Belozerov, Semyon Budennyy, Emin Sadikhov, Olga Kuzmina, Denis Orlov, Ekaterina Muravleva, Dmitri Koroteev

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A framework for porous media topology reconstruction from petrographic thin sections for clastic rocks is proposed. The framework is based on two sequential stages: segmentation of thin sections imagesinto grains, porous media, cement (with further mineralogical classification of segmented elements) and reconstructing a three-dimensional voxel model of rock at pore scale. The framework exploits machine learning algorithms in order to segment2D thin section images, perform structural and mineralogical classification of grains, cement, pore space, and reconstruct 3D models of porous media. Segmentation of petrographic thin section images and mineral classification of the segmented objects are performed by the means of combination of image processing methods and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). The 3D porous media reconstruction is done by means of the Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are applied to the segmented and classified 2D images of thin sections. As the criteria of the reconstruction quality, the following metrics were numerically calculated and compared for original and reconstructed synthetic 3D models of porous rocks: Minkowski functionals (porosity, surface area, mean breadth, Euler characteristic) and absolute permeability. Absolute permeability was calculated using pore network model. The 3D reconstruction framework was tested on a set of thin sections and CT tomograms of the clastic samples from the Achimovskiy formation (Western Siberia). The results showed the validity of the goodness-of-fit metrics based on Minkowski functionals for reconstruction the topology of porous media. The combined usage of CNN and GAN allowed to create a robust 3D topology reconstruction framework. The calculated poroperm characteristics are correlated with laboratory measurements of porosity and permeability. The developed algorithms of automatic feature extraction from petrographic thin sections and 3D reconstruction based on these features allow to achieve the following goals. First is the reduction of the amount of the routine work done by an expert during petrographic analysis. Second leads to the reduction of the number of expensive and time-consuming CT scannings required for each physical sample in order to perform further absolute and relative permeability calculations. The proposed method can bring the petrographic thin section and CT data analysis to a new level and significantly change traditional core experiments workflow in terms of speed, data integration and rock sample preparation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2019, ATCE 2019
    PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
    ISBN (Electronic)9781613996638
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2019, ATCE 2019 - Calgary, Canada
    Duration: 30 Sep 20192 Oct 2019

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
    Volume2019-September

    Conference

    ConferenceSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2019, ATCE 2019
    Country/TerritoryCanada
    CityCalgary
    Period30/09/192/10/19

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