A method for analysis of C1-continuity of subdivision surfaces

Denis Zorin

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62 Citations (Scopus)


A sufficient condition for C1-continuity of subdivision surfaces was proposed by Reif [Comput. Aided Geom. Design, 12 (1995), pp. 153-174.] and extended to a more general setting in [D. Zorin, Constr. Approx., accepted for publication]. In both cases, the analysis of C1-continuity is reduced to establishing injectivity and regularity of a characteristic map. In all known proofs of C1-continuity, explicit representation of the limit surface on an annular region was used to establish regularity and a variety of relatively complex techniques were used to establish injectivity. We propose a new approach to this problem: we show that for a general class of subdivision schemes, regularity can be inferred from the properties of a sufficiently close linear approximation, and injectivity can be verified by computing the index of a curve. An additional advantage of our approach is that it allows us to prove C1-continuity for all valences of vertices, rather than for an arbitrarily large but finite number of valences. As an application, we use our method to analyze C1-continuity of most stationary subdivision schemes known to us, including interpolating butterfly and modified butterfly schemes, as well as the Kobbelt's interpolating scheme for quadrilateral meshes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1677-1708
Number of pages32
JournalSIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Arbitrary meshes
  • Interval arithmetics
  • Stationary subdivision
  • Subdivision surfaces


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