A machine learning framework for the prediction of chromatin folding in Drosophila using epigenetic features

Michal B. Rozenwald, Aleksandra A. Galitsyna, Grigory V. Sapunov, Ekaterina E. Khrameeva, Mikhail S. Gelfand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Technological advances have lead to the creation of large epigenetic datasets, including information aboutDNAbinding proteins andDNAspatial structure. Hi-C experiments have revealed that chromosomes are subdivided into sets of self-interacting domains called Topologically Associating Domains (TADs). TADs are involved in the regulation of gene expression activity, but the mechanisms of their formation are not yet fully understood. Here, we focus on machine learning methods to characterize DNA folding patterns in Drosophila based on chromatin marks across three cell lines. We present linear regression models with four types of regularization, gradient boosting, and recurrent neural networks (RNN) as tools to study chromatin folding characteristics associated with TADs given epigenetic chromatin immunoprecipitation data. The bidirectional long short-term memory RNN architecture produced the best prediction scores and identified biologically relevant features. Distribution of protein Chriz (Chromator) and histone modification H3K4me3 were selected as the most informative features for the prediction of TADs characteristics. This approach may be adapted to any similar biological dataset of chromatin features across various cell lines and species. The code for the implemented pipeline, Hi-ChiP-ML, is publicly available: https://github.com/MichalRozenwald/Hi-ChIP-ML

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-21
Number of pages20
JournalPeerJ Computer Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Chromatin
  • DNA folding patterns
  • Gradient Boosting
  • Hi-Cexperiments
  • Linear Regression
  • Machine Learning
  • Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN)
  • Topologically Associating Domains (TADs)

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