A Composite Membrane Based on Sulfonated Polystyrene Implanted in a Stretched PTFE Film for Vanadium Flow Batteries

Nataliya A. Gvozdik, Evgeny A. Sanginov, Lilia Z. Abunaeva, Dmirty V. Konev, Andrey A. Usenko, Ksenia S. Novikova, Keith J. Stevenson, Yury A. Dobrovolsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quality of ion-selective membranes determines the efficiency of Vanadium Flow Batteries (VFBs), and alternatives to expensive Nafion™ materials are actively being searched for. One of the membrane architecture approaches is to imitate the Nafion™ structure with two separate phases: a conductive sulfonated polymer and an inner matrix. We introduce a new composite material based on sulfonated styrene polymerized inside the pores of a stretched PTFE matrix. Variation of polystyrene content and a sulfonation degree allowed to obtain membranes with IEC from to 0.96 to 1.84 mmol/g. Balanced vanadium permeability (ca. 5.5 ⋅ 10−6 cm2/min) and proton conductivity (ca. 50 mS/cm) were achieved for the material with 21–23 % polystyrene content and a sulfonation degree up to 94 %. Membranes showed stable cycling with 81 % energy efficiency in a single-cell VFB. This work contributes to the existing knowledge of Nafion alternatives by providing a cheap and scalable method of membrane production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2580-2585
Number of pages6
JournalChemPlusChem
Volume85
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • electrochemistry
  • membranes
  • polymer composites
  • sulfonated polystyrene
  • vanadium flow batteries

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